The 1850s were important to the development of Roswell and played a large role in its history. The city of Roswell was incorporated in 1854, at the same time the Roswell Manufacturing Company greatly expanded its operations to two cotton mills, one wool mill and a flour mill. The city is named after entrepreneur Roswell King, a fortune seeker who discovered the area while searching for gold. As King traveled, he planned a textile mill that would be powered by a tributary of the Chattahoochee River known as Vickery Creek. Construction began in 1836 and in 1839 the Roswell Manufacturing Co. was incorporated. The mill played a pivotal role in the area's growth over the next 100-plus years.
To meet the demands of projected economic and job growth, developers are building distinctive office parks in Alpharetta and Roswell as well as developments of high-rises in the Sandy Springs area. With an overabundance of available land, the cost of developing in North Fulton County is low compared to most major metropolitan markets today.
Another beneficial aspect of North Fulton's popularity is the surprisingly low cost of living. According to the Research Department at the Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, in a study compiled and published by ACCRA, the cost of living index for Atlanta is 100.6 compared to 135.6 for Boston or 121.6 for Chicago. It is lower for residents of Atlanta than those living in Cincinnati, Ohio. Many find this fact difficult to believe in light of the considerable amount of amenities this area has to offer.